Dr Pv lakshmaiah IAS Study Circle > Current affairs > International Relations > Two Generals, power hunger, and strife: An escalating crisis in Sudan
Two Generals, power hunger, and strife: An escalating crisis in Sudan
- April 25, 2023
- Posted by: admin
- Category: International Relations
- The conflict between the Sudanese military and the Rapid Support Forces (RSF) has left over 400 dead and 4,000 wounded, causing a humanitarian crisis.
- India is sending two aircraft and a ship to evacuate its citizens from Sudan.
The Two Generals
- Gen. Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, commander of the Sudanese Armes Forces (SAF), and de facto leader of Sudan.
- Mohamed Hamdan Dagolo, better known as ‘Hemedti’, leading Sudan’s Rapid Support Forces (RSF).
- Hemedti is challenging the SAF, pushing Sudan into another civil war.
- The battle between the Generals is derailing the promised transition to civilian rule.
- A ceasefire was brokered by the U.S., but it didn’t last long as fighting resumed.
- The international airport and military headquarters were both sites of civilian clashes.
- Many countries are looking to evacuate their citizens from Sudan amid the uncertain situation.
- The U.S. and Saudi Arabia have successfully repatriated some citizens.
- India has directed officials to prepare contingency evacuation plans for Indian nationals.
The Political Transition
- The two Generals jointly led a military coup in October 2021, halting the plan to transition to elections.
- Protesters demanded bringing the military under civilian government and integrating the RSF with the army.
- The military finalised a preliminary deal with pro-democracy groups in December 2021 to relaunch the political transition.
- Disagreements emerged over security reform, which proposed to bring the paramilitary under the control of the army.
- The battle between the two Generals has escalated the conflict and worsened the humanitarian crisis.
- The international community is closely monitoring the situation and providing aid.
- The situation highlights the challenges of political transitions in conflict-torn regions.