Dr Pv lakshmaiah IAS Study Circle > Current affairs > Science and Technology > Indian scientists to develop own technology under National Quantum Mission
Indian scientists to develop own technology under National Quantum Mission
- April 25, 2023
- Posted by: admin
- Category: Science and Technology
- The National Quantum Mission (NQM) is an indigenous mission by the Indian government that aims to propel research and development in quantum technology. The mission was approved by the Union Cabinet and will be spearheaded by the Department of Science and Technology (DST) between 2023-24 and 2030-31.
Distinctiveness of the NQM:
- The NQM has a unique distinction in India as it will be the only mission where Indian scientists will develop their own technology, systems, devices, and materials. The mission aims to make India self-sufficient in quantum technology by reducing dependence on foreign technology.
- Under the NQM, there will be four thematic hubs (T-hub) operating for each of the four verticals: quantum computing, quantum communication, quantum sensing and metrology, and quantum materials and devices. The DST will call for proposals to establish T-hubs in the country, which will be a consortium of research institutions. Based on the expertise of the institute, they will steer the research under the respective vertical.
- The NQM targets the development of intermediate-scale quantum computers with 50-1,000 physical qubits in various platforms like superconducting and photonic technology. It aims to achieve satellite-based secure quantum communications between ground stations over a range of 2,000 kilometres within India, long-distance secure quantum communications with other countries, inter-city quantum key distribution over 2,000 km as well as multi-node quantum network with quantum memories. The mission is expected to benefit communication, health, finance, and energy as well as drug design and space applications.
- The NQM is a game-changer for India’s quantum technology as it will allow Indian scientists to develop indigenous technology and make India self-sufficient in quantum technology. The mission is expected to have a significant impact on various sectors, including communication, health, finance, and energy, and help India emerge as a global leader in quantum technology.