Successful Student Words

Why Anthropology?

Under the able guidance and mentoring of Lakshmaiah sir; An Administrator and Author of 14 text books on Anthropology published by Telugu Akademi, Govt. of A.P.

Choosing an optional subject is an important aspect in getting into your dream job, which is to be:
  • Static Subject
  • Easy to understand
  • Limited syllabus
  • Availability of the best guide and mentor
  • Most preferred and scoring

Anthropology gives you a scope in covering many of the general studies topics like:

General Studies – I

Salient features of IndianSociety, Diversity of India. Role of women and womens organization,population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies. Effects of Globalization on Indian Society. Social Empowerment, Communalism, Regionalism and Secularism.

General Studies – II

Development processes and the development industry – the role of NGO, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders. Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes. Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources. Issues relating to poverty and hunger

General Studies – III

  • Land Reforms in India
  • Effects of liberalization
  • Challenges to internal security

General Studies – IV

Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions, dimensions of ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators, role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

GENERAL ESSAY

A compulsory question on Man and his society where you get the holistic understanding by choosing Antrhopology as optional.

Veditha Reddy IAS (AIR 71) - Student of Dr. Lakshmaiah



Shaifali UPSC Topper - Student of Dr. Lakshmaiah



Kavitha Meena UPSC Topper - Student of Dr. Lakshmaiah

Course Features

  • Lectures 100
  • Daily Test 1
  • Duration 2 hours
  • Skill level All level
  • Language English
  • Certificate No
  • Assessments Exams
  • English Medium

    Paper – I
    1.1 Meaning, scope and development of Anthropology.
    1.2 Relationships with other disciplines: Social Sciences, Behavioural Sciences, Life Sciences, Medical Sciences, Earth Sciences and Humanities.
    1.3 Main branches of Anthropology, their scope and relevance:

    • Social- cultural Anthropology
    • Biological Anthropology
    • Archaeological Anthropology
    • Linguistic Anthropology
    1.4 Human Evolution and emergence of Man:

    • Biological and Cultural factors in human evolution.
    • Theories of Organic Evolution (Pre- Darwinian, Darwinian and Post-Darwinian).
    • Synthetic theory of evolution; Brief outline of terms and concepts of evolutionary biology (Doll’s rule, Cope’s rule, Gause’s rule, parallelism, convergence, adaptive radiation, and mosaic evolution).
    1.5 Characteristics of Primates; Evolutionary Trend and Primate Taxonomy; Primate Adaptations; (Arboreal and Terrestrial) Primate Taxonomy; Primate Behaviour; Tertiary and Quaternary fossil primates; Living Major Primates; Comparative Anatomy of Man and Apes; Skeletal changes due to erect posture and its implications.
    1.6 Phylogenetic status, characteristics and geographical distribution of the following:

    • Social Sciences, Behavioural Sciences, Life Sciences, Medical Sciences, Earth Sciences and Humanities.
    • Homo erectus: Africa (Paranthropus), Europe (Homo erectus heidelbergensis), Asia (Homo erectus javanicus, Homo erectus pekinensis).
    • Neanderthal Man- La-Chapelle-aux-saints (Classical type), Mt. Carmel (Progressive type).
    • Rhodesian man.
    • Homo sapiens — Cromagnon, Grimaldi and Chancelede.
    1.7 The biological basis of life: The Cell, DNA structure and replication, Protein Synthesis, Gene, Mutation, Chromosomes, and Cell Division.
    1.8
    1. Principles of Prehistoric Archaeology. Chronology: Relative and Absolute Dating methods.
    2. Cultural Evolution- Broad Outlines of Prehistoric cultures:

      • Paleolithic
      • Mesolithic
      • Neolithic
      • Chalcolithic
      • Copper-Bronze Age
      • Iron Age
    2.1 The Nature of Culture: The concept and characteristics of culture and civilization; Ethnocentrism vis-à-vis cultural Relativism.
    2.2 The Nature of Society: Concept of Society; Society and Culture; Social Institutions; Social groups; and Social stratification.
    2.3 Marriage: Definition and universality; Laws of marriage (endogamy, exogamy, hypergamy, hypogamy, incest taboo); Types of marriage (monogamy, polygamy, polyandry, group marriage). Functions of marriage; Marriage regulations (preferential, prescriptive and proscriptive); Marriage payments (bride wealth and dowry).
    2.4 Family: Definition and universality; Family, household and domestic groups; functions of family; Types of family (from the perspectives of structure, blood relation, marriage, residence and succession); Impact of urbanization, industrialization and feminist movements on family.
    2.5 Kinship: Consanguinity and Affinity; Principles and types of descent (Unilineal, Double, Bilateral, Ambilineal); Forms of descent groups (lineage, clan, phratry, moiety and kindred); Kinship terminology (descriptive and classificatory); Descent, Filiation and Complimentary Filiation; Descent and Alliance.
    3 Economic organization: Meaning, scope and relevance of economic anthropology; Formalist and Substantivist debate; Principles governing production, distribution and exchange (reciprocity, redistribution and market), in communities, subsisting on hunting and gathering, fishing, swiddening, pastoralism, horticulture, and agriculture; globalization and indigenous economic systems.
    4 Political organization and Social Control: Band, tribe, chiefdom, kingdom and state; concepts of power, authority and legitimacy; social control, law and justice in simple societies.
    5 Religion: Anthropological approaches to the study of religion (evolutionary, psychological and functional); monotheism and polytheism; sacred and profane; myths and rituals; forms of religion in tribal and peasant societies (animism, animatism, fetishism, naturism and totemism); religion, magic and science distinguished; magico- religious functionaries (priest, shaman, medicine man, sorcerer and witch).
    6 Anthropological theories:
    1. Classical evolutionism (Tylor, Morgan and Frazer)
    2. Historical particularism (Boas); Diffusionism (British, German and American)
    3. Functionalism (Malinowski); Structural- functionlism (Radcliffe-Brown)
    4. Structuralism (L’evi – Strauss and E. Leach)
    5. Culture and personality (Benedict, Mead, Linton, Kardiner and Cora – du Bois).
    6. Neo – evolutionism (Childe, White, Steward, Sahlins and Service)
    7. Cultural materialism (Harris)
    8. Symbolic and interpretive theories (Turner, Schneider and Geertz)
    9. Cognitive theories (Tyler, Conklin)
    10. Post- modernism in anthropology
    7 Culture, language and communication: Nature, origin and characteristics of language; verbal and non-verbal communication; social context of language use.
    8 Research methods in anthropology:
    1. Fieldwork tradition in anthropology
    2. Distinction between technique, method and methodology
    3. Tools of data collection: observation, interview, schedules, questionnaire, Case study, genealogy, life-history, oral history, secondary sources of information, participatory methods.
    4. Analysis, interpretation and presentation of data.
    9.1 Human Genetics – Methods and Application: Methods for study of genetic principles in man-family study (pedigree analysis, twin study, foster child, co-twin method, cytogenetic method, chromosomal and karyo-type analysis), biochemical methods, immunological methods, D.N.A. technology and recombinant technologies.
    9.2 Mendelian genetics in man-family study, single factor, multifactor, lethal, sub-lethal and polygenic inheritance in man.
    9.3 Concept of genetic polymorphism and selection, Mendelian population, Hardy-Weinberg law; causes and changes which bring down frequency – mutation, isolation, migration, selection, inbreeding and genetic drift. Consanguineous and non-consanguineous mating, genetic load, genetic effect of consanguineous and cousin marriages.
    9.4 Chromosomes and chromosomal aberrations in man, methodology.

    1. Numerical and structural aberrations (disorders).
    2. Sex chromosomal aberrations – Klinefelter (XXY), Turner (XO), Super female (XXX), intersex and other syndromic disorders.
    3. Autosomal aberrations – Down syndrome, Patau, Edward and Cri-du-chat syndromes.
    4. Genetic imprints in human disease, genetic screening, genetic counseling, human DNA profiling, gene mapping and genome study.
    9.5 Race and racism, biological basis of morphological variation of non-metric and metric characters. Racial criteria, racial traits in relation to heredity and environment; biological basis of racial classification, racial differentiation and race crossing in man.
    9.6 Age, sex and population variation as genetic marker- ABO, Rh blood groups, HLA Hp, transferring, Gm, blood enzymes. Physiological characteristics-Hb level, body fat, pulse rate, respiratory functions and sensory perceptions in different cultural and socio-economic groups.
    9.7 Concepts and methods of Ecological Anthropology. Bio-cultural Adaptations – Genetic and Non- genetic factors. Man’s physiological responses to environmental stresses: hot desert, cold, high altitude climate.
    9.8 Epidemiological Anthropology: Health and disease. Infectious and non-infectious diseases. Nutritional deficiency related diseases.
    10 Concept of human growth and development: stages of growth – pre-natal, natal, infant, childhood, adolescence, maturity, senescence. Factors affecting growth and development genetic, environmental, biochemical, nutritional, cultural and socio-economic.Ageing and senescence. Theories and observations – biological and chronological longevity. Human physique and somatotypes. Methodologies for growth studies.
    11.1 Relevance of menarche, menopause and other bioevents to fertility. Fertility patterns and differentials.
    11.2 Demographic theories- biological, social and cultural.
    11.3 Biological and socio-ecological factors influencing fecundity, fertility, natality and mortality.
    12 Applications of Anthropology: Anthropology of sports, Nutritional anthropology, Anthropology in designing of defence and other equipments, Forensic Anthropology, Methods and principles of personal identification and reconstruction, Applied human genetics – Paternity diagnosis, genetic counseling and eugenics, DNA technology in diseases and medicine, serogenetics and cytogenetics in reproductive biology.
    Paper – II
    1.1 Evolution of the Indian Culture and Civilization — Prehistoric (Palaeolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic and Neolithic – Chalcolithic). Protohistoric (Indus Civilization): Pre- Harappan, Harappan and post- Harappan cultures.Contributions of tribal cultures to Indian civilization.
    1.2 Palaeo – anthropological evidences from India with special reference to Siwaliks and Narmada basin (Ramapithecus, Sivapithecus and Narmada Man).
    1.3 Ethno-archaeology in India: The concept of ethno-archaeology; Survivals and Parallels among the hunting, foraging, fishing, pastoral and peasant communities including arts and crafts producing communities.
    2 Demographic profile of India — Ethnic and linguistic elements in the Indian population and their distribution. Indian population – factors influencing its structure and growth.
    3.1 The structure and nature of traditional Indian social system — Varnashram, Purushartha, Karma, Rina and Rebirth.
    3.2 Caste system in India- structure and characteristics, Varna and caste, Theories of origin of caste system, Dominant caste, Caste mobility, Future of caste system, Jajmani system, Tribe- caste continuum.
    3.3 Sacred Complex and Nature- Man- Spirit Complex.
    3.4 Impact of Buddhism, Jainism, Islam and Christianity on Indian society.
    4 Emergence and growth of anthropology in India-Contributions of the 18th, 19th and early 20th Century scholar-administrators. Contributions of Indian anthropologists to tribal and caste studies.
    5.1 Indian Village: Significance of village study in India; Indian village as a social system; Traditional and changing patterns of settlement and inter-caste relations; Agrarian relations in Indian villages; Impact of globalization on Indian villages.
    5.2 Linguistic and religious minorities and their social, political and economic status.
    5.3 Indigenous and exogenous processes of socio-cultural change in Indian society: Sanskritization, Westernization, Modernization; Inter-play of little and great traditions; Panchayati raj and social change; Media and social change.
    6.1 Tribal situation in India – Bio-genetic variability, linguistic and socio-economic characteristics of tribal populations and their distribution.
    6.2 Problems of the tribal Communities — land alienation, poverty, indebtedness, low literacy, poor educational facilities, unemployment, underemployment, health and nutrition.
    6.3 Developmental projects and their impact on tribal displacement and problems of rehabilitation. Development of forest policy and tribals. Impact of urbanization and industrialization on tribal populations.
    7.1 Problems of exploitation and deprivation of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes. Constitutional safeguards for Scheduled Tribes and Scheduled Castes.
    7.2 Social change and contemporary tribal societies: Impact of modern democratic institutions, development programmes and welfare measures on tribals and weaker sections.
    7.3 The concept of ethnicity; Ethnic conflicts and political developments; Unrest among tribal communities; Regionalism and demand for autonomy; Pseudo-tribalism; Social change among the tribes during colonial and post-Independent India.
    8.1 Impact of Hinduism, Buddhism, Christianity, Islam and other religions on tribal societies.
    8.2 Tribe and nation state – a comparative study of tribal communities in India and other countries.
    9.1 History of administration of tribal areas, tribal policies, plans, programmes of tribal development and their implementation. The concept of PTGs (Primitive Tribal Groups), their distribution, special programmes for their development. Role of N.G.O.s in tribal development.
    9.2 Role of anthropology in tribal and rural development.
    9.3 Contributions of anthropology to the understanding of regionalism, communalism, and ethnic and political movements.

    • Telugu Medium

      Paper – I
      1.1 Meaning, scope and development of Anthropology.
      1.2 Relationships with other disciplines: Social Sciences, Behavioural Sciences, Life Sciences, Medical Sciences, Earth Sciences and Humanities.
      1.3 Main branches of Anthropology, their scope and relevance:

      • Social- cultural Anthropology
      • Biological Anthropology
      • Archaeological Anthropology
      • Linguistic Anthropology
      1.4 Human Evolution and emergence of Man:

      • Biological and Cultural factors in human evolution.
      • Theories of Organic Evolution (Pre- Darwinian, Darwinian and Post-Darwinian).
      • Synthetic theory of evolution; Brief outline of terms and concepts of evolutionary biology (Doll’s rule, Cope’s rule, Gause’s rule, parallelism, convergence, adaptive radiation, and mosaic evolution).
      1.5 Characteristics of Primates; Evolutionary Trend and Primate Taxonomy; Primate Adaptations; (Arboreal and Terrestrial) Primate Taxonomy; Primate Behaviour; Tertiary and Quaternary fossil primates; Living Major Primates; Comparative Anatomy of Man and Apes; Skeletal changes due to erect posture and its implications.
      1.6 Phylogenetic status, characteristics and geographical distribution of the following:

      • Social Sciences, Behavioural Sciences, Life Sciences, Medical Sciences, Earth Sciences and Humanities.
      • Homo erectus: Africa (Paranthropus), Europe (Homo erectus heidelbergensis), Asia (Homo erectus javanicus, Homo erectus pekinensis).
      • Neanderthal Man- La-Chapelle-aux-saints (Classical type), Mt. Carmel (Progressive type).
      • Rhodesian man.
      • Homo sapiens — Cromagnon, Grimaldi and Chancelede.
      1.7 The biological basis of life: The Cell, DNA structure and replication, Protein Synthesis, Gene, Mutation, Chromosomes, and Cell Division.
      1.8
      1. Principles of Prehistoric Archaeology. Chronology: Relative and Absolute Dating methods.
      2. Cultural Evolution- Broad Outlines of Prehistoric cultures:

        • Paleolithic
        • Mesolithic
        • Neolithic
        • Chalcolithic
        • Copper-Bronze Age
        • Iron Age
      2.1 The Nature of Culture: The concept and characteristics of culture and civilization; Ethnocentrism vis-à-vis cultural Relativism.
      2.2 The Nature of Society: Concept of Society; Society and Culture; Social Institutions; Social groups; and Social stratification.
      2.3 Marriage: Definition and universality; Laws of marriage (endogamy, exogamy, hypergamy, hypogamy, incest taboo); Types of marriage (monogamy, polygamy, polyandry, group marriage). Functions of marriage; Marriage regulations (preferential, prescriptive and proscriptive); Marriage payments (bride wealth and dowry).
      2.4 Family: Definition and universality; Family, household and domestic groups; functions of family; Types of family (from the perspectives of structure, blood relation, marriage, residence and succession); Impact of urbanization, industrialization and feminist movements on family.
      2.5 Kinship: Consanguinity and Affinity; Principles and types of descent (Unilineal, Double, Bilateral, Ambilineal); Forms of descent groups (lineage, clan, phratry, moiety and kindred); Kinship terminology (descriptive and classificatory); Descent, Filiation and Complimentary Filiation; Descent and Alliance.
      3 Economic organization: Meaning, scope and relevance of economic anthropology; Formalist and Substantivist debate; Principles governing production, distribution and exchange (reciprocity, redistribution and market), in communities, subsisting on hunting and gathering, fishing, swiddening, pastoralism, horticulture, and agriculture; globalization and indigenous economic systems.
      4 Political organization and Social Control: Band, tribe, chiefdom, kingdom and state; concepts of power, authority and legitimacy; social control, law and justice in simple societies.
      5 Religion: Anthropological approaches to the study of religion (evolutionary, psychological and functional); monotheism and polytheism; sacred and profane; myths and rituals; forms of religion in tribal and peasant societies (animism, animatism, fetishism, naturism and totemism); religion, magic and science distinguished; magico- religious functionaries (priest, shaman, medicine man, sorcerer and witch).
      6 Anthropological theories:
      1. Classical evolutionism (Tylor, Morgan and Frazer)
      2. Historical particularism (Boas); Diffusionism (British, German and American)
      3. Functionalism (Malinowski); Structural- functionlism (Radcliffe-Brown)
      4. Structuralism (L’evi – Strauss and E. Leach)
      5. Culture and personality (Benedict, Mead, Linton, Kardiner and Cora – du Bois).
      6. Neo – evolutionism (Childe, White, Steward, Sahlins and Service)
      7. Cultural materialism (Harris)
      8. Symbolic and interpretive theories (Turner, Schneider and Geertz)
      9. Cognitive theories (Tyler, Conklin)
      10. Post- modernism in anthropology
      7 Culture, language and communication: Nature, origin and characteristics of language; verbal and non-verbal communication; social context of language use.
      8 Research methods in anthropology:
      1. Fieldwork tradition in anthropology
      2. Distinction between technique, method and methodology
      3. Tools of data collection: observation, interview, schedules, questionnaire, Case study, genealogy, life-history, oral history, secondary sources of information, participatory methods.
      4. Analysis, interpretation and presentation of data.
      9.1 Human Genetics – Methods and Application: Methods for study of genetic principles in man-family study (pedigree analysis, twin study, foster child, co-twin method, cytogenetic method, chromosomal and karyo-type analysis), biochemical methods, immunological methods, D.N.A. technology and recombinant technologies.
      9.2 Mendelian genetics in man-family study, single factor, multifactor, lethal, sub-lethal and polygenic inheritance in man.
      9.3 Concept of genetic polymorphism and selection, Mendelian population, Hardy-Weinberg law; causes and changes which bring down frequency – mutation, isolation, migration, selection, inbreeding and genetic drift. Consanguineous and non-consanguineous mating, genetic load, genetic effect of consanguineous and cousin marriages.
      9.4 Chromosomes and chromosomal aberrations in man, methodology.

      1. Numerical and structural aberrations (disorders).
      2. Sex chromosomal aberrations – Klinefelter (XXY), Turner (XO), Super female (XXX), intersex and other syndromic disorders.
      3. Autosomal aberrations – Down syndrome, Patau, Edward and Cri-du-chat syndromes.
      4. Genetic imprints in human disease, genetic screening, genetic counseling, human DNA profiling, gene mapping and genome study.
      9.5 Race and racism, biological basis of morphological variation of non-metric and metric characters. Racial criteria, racial traits in relation to heredity and environment; biological basis of racial classification, racial differentiation and race crossing in man.
      9.6 Age, sex and population variation as genetic marker- ABO, Rh blood groups, HLA Hp, transferring, Gm, blood enzymes. Physiological characteristics-Hb level, body fat, pulse rate, respiratory functions and sensory perceptions in different cultural and socio-economic groups.
      9.7 Concepts and methods of Ecological Anthropology. Bio-cultural Adaptations – Genetic and Non- genetic factors. Man’s physiological responses to environmental stresses: hot desert, cold, high altitude climate.
      9.8 Epidemiological Anthropology: Health and disease. Infectious and non-infectious diseases. Nutritional deficiency related diseases.
      10 Concept of human growth and development: stages of growth – pre-natal, natal, infant, childhood, adolescence, maturity, senescence. Factors affecting growth and development genetic, environmental, biochemical, nutritional, cultural and socio-economic.Ageing and senescence. Theories and observations – biological and chronological longevity. Human physique and somatotypes. Methodologies for growth studies.
      11.1 Relevance of menarche, menopause and other bioevents to fertility. Fertility patterns and differentials.
      11.2 Demographic theories- biological, social and cultural.
      11.3 Biological and socio-ecological factors influencing fecundity, fertility, natality and mortality.
      12 Applications of Anthropology: Anthropology of sports, Nutritional anthropology, Anthropology in designing of defence and other equipments, Forensic Anthropology, Methods and principles of personal identification and reconstruction, Applied human genetics – Paternity diagnosis, genetic counseling and eugenics, DNA technology in diseases and medicine, serogenetics and cytogenetics in reproductive biology.
      Paper – II
      1.1 Evolution of the Indian Culture and Civilization — Prehistoric (Palaeolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic and Neolithic – Chalcolithic). Protohistoric (Indus Civilization): Pre- Harappan, Harappan and post- Harappan cultures.Contributions of tribal cultures to Indian civilization.
      1.2 Palaeo – anthropological evidences from India with special reference to Siwaliks and Narmada basin (Ramapithecus, Sivapithecus and Narmada Man).
      1.3 Ethno-archaeology in India: The concept of ethno-archaeology; Survivals and Parallels among the hunting, foraging, fishing, pastoral and peasant communities including arts and crafts producing communities.
      2 Demographic profile of India — Ethnic and linguistic elements in the Indian population and their distribution. Indian population – factors influencing its structure and growth.
      3.1 The structure and nature of traditional Indian social system — Varnashram, Purushartha, Karma, Rina and Rebirth.
      3.2 Caste system in India- structure and characteristics, Varna and caste, Theories of origin of caste system, Dominant caste, Caste mobility, Future of caste system, Jajmani system, Tribe- caste continuum.
      3.3 Sacred Complex and Nature- Man- Spirit Complex.
      3.4 Impact of Buddhism, Jainism, Islam and Christianity on Indian society.
      4 Emergence and growth of anthropology in India-Contributions of the 18th, 19th and early 20th Century scholar-administrators. Contributions of Indian anthropologists to tribal and caste studies.
      5.1 Indian Village: Significance of village study in India; Indian village as a social system; Traditional and changing patterns of settlement and inter-caste relations; Agrarian relations in Indian villages; Impact of globalization on Indian villages.
      5.2 Linguistic and religious minorities and their social, political and economic status.
      5.3 Indigenous and exogenous processes of socio-cultural change in Indian society: Sanskritization, Westernization, Modernization; Inter-play of little and great traditions; Panchayati raj and social change; Media and social change.
      6.1 Tribal situation in India – Bio-genetic variability, linguistic and socio-economic characteristics of tribal populations and their distribution.
      6.2 Problems of the tribal Communities — land alienation, poverty, indebtedness, low literacy, poor educational facilities, unemployment, underemployment, health and nutrition.
      6.3 Developmental projects and their impact on tribal displacement and problems of rehabilitation. Development of forest policy and tribals. Impact of urbanization and industrialization on tribal populations.
      7.1 Problems of exploitation and deprivation of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes. Constitutional safeguards for Scheduled Tribes and Scheduled Castes.
      7.2 Social change and contemporary tribal societies: Impact of modern democratic institutions, development programmes and welfare measures on tribals and weaker sections.
      7.3 The concept of ethnicity; Ethnic conflicts and political developments; Unrest among tribal communities; Regionalism and demand for autonomy; Pseudo-tribalism; Social change among the tribes during colonial and post-Independent India.
      8.1 Impact of Hinduism, Buddhism, Christianity, Islam and other religions on tribal societies.
      8.2 Tribe and nation state – a comparative study of tribal communities in India and other countries.
      9.1 History of administration of tribal areas, tribal policies, plans, programmes of tribal development and their implementation. The concept of PTGs (Primitive Tribal Groups), their distribution, special programmes for their development. Role of N.G.O.s in tribal development.
      9.2 Role of anthropology in tribal and rural development.
      9.3 Contributions of anthropology to the understanding of regionalism, communalism, and ethnic and political movements.

HOW TO PREPARE ANTHROPOLOGY

  • Try to start preparation as soon as upsc preliminary examination are over instead of choosing it late and feeling sorry. Better start your preparation as soon as possible.
  • Try attempting physical anthropology based and theory based questions as much as possible as socio based questions fetch lesser marks comparatively.
  • When you come across a case study, note it down as use it at appropriate topics where you are expected to explain the concept
  • Practice diagrams for physical part, diagrams will ultimately fetch you marks
  • Do not ignore theories part ,selective study is always dangerous
  • Try to make good notes for theories and misc part as good material is not available in market.
  • Keep updating the latest trends and developments in anthropology from newspaper/magazines and internet

Importance of diagrams in anthropology answer writing

It’s more catchy and provides more information,saves examiner’s time also- if he finds your diagram to be very good, he will be more inclined to like your description too.. So as far as physical anthropology is concerned, neat diagrams will definitely give us an edge over others..

So practice diagrams

  • By diagrams I meant anatomical -skull, vertebra, bones, teeth diagrams when you are asked to write about prehistoric man, also a good comparative diagram with modern man also can be given(depending on question). For questions on prehistoric stages you can give good diagrams of the tools used then, a rough picture of the habitat, some pictures of artefacts found etc.. Its easier to draw diagrams and then explain.
  • Just read the theory part then spend 5 mins for looking at the diagram, then try and do a rough sketch.. 15 mins /day for the diagrams should be more than enough.. That too its only when you read the physical part..
  • Diagrams are important ( for physical anthropology part only) because you can draw a picture and explain things easily than writing paragraphs ( saves time too). It also shows that you know the concept better. Nobody will reduce your marks for not drawing, but you are bound to get more if you give neat sketches. So if you want really high scores then you have to pay attention to it.
  • For non physical anthropology part – give some pictorial additions – like a cycle(eg. Bonded labour question in 2010)/ flow chart- that way we have an edge over others.
  • Focussed preparation with good strategy and guidance will definitely succeed.

  • Mohammad Roshan tips to prepare Anthropology






Mohammad roshan ias interview
Dr.Laksmaiah IAS Study Circle wish to train and equip an young aspirant with knowledge and skills through unleashing one’s potential to the fullest and be an eligible competitor in the world of competition.
We not only share information but also share our experiences that an individual emerge as an effective leader to make a difference in the lives of the people in the society.

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  • veditha reddy ias interview, civils toppers interviews

    Best of all Institutes in Hyderabad

    I am thankful to my Guruji, Dr.Lakshmaiah for guiding me in getting civil service and I wish all Good Luck and Success to Sir’s endeavor in guiding and motivating number of youth to get civil services.

  • Dr. Lakshmaiah IAS Study Circle reviews

    Best optional for Civil Servives Exams

    Special thanks to C.M Chandrababu Naidu garu for giving me this opportunity to study at Dr.Lakshmaiah IAS Study Circle under NTR Viddyonnathi scheme.Here the nation’s best faculty like Sri.Mohan Kanda IAS,Retd.Cheif secretary,Govt.of A.P.Sri.C.R.Biswal IAS, Dr.A.Ashok IAS ,Dr.P.V.Lakshmaiah, Dr.Seenaiah, etc….are teaching different subjects essential for general studies and optional subjects. Every day exam is the speciality of this institute. The classes will commence from 6’o clock in the morning and continue till 01:30 pm, later on 02:30 pm to 10:30 pm study hours will be conducted under the guidance of Dr.Lakshmaiah Sir.

  • Anthropology classes by Dr. Lakshmaiah

    Thanks to Dr. Lakshmaiah Sir

    I am very fortunate to be under the mentorship of Dr.Lakshmaiah,as he is the best motivator and guide who is having vast knowledge in different subjects and he knows clearly how to crack the civil services. Here Monday to Friday the classes will be conducted, Saturday and Sunday are very special days, because in the presence of the senior bureaucrats like Mohan Kanda IAS, Former Chief Secretary, and C.R.Biswal IAS,Former Chairman, APPSC we have to give seminars on varied topics.They will guide us whenever we commit any mistake and hence this is the most versatile personality development programme, helpful in getting knowledge for the prelims and mains and helping in cracking interview with boldness. Thanks to Andhra Pradesh state government for giving me this opportunity under NTR Viddyonnathi scheme.