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What is Lorem Ipsum? Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type spe

What is Lorem Ipsum?

Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.

Why do we use it?

It is a long established fact that a reader will be distracted by the readable content of a page when looking at its layout. The point of using Lorem Ipsum is that it has a more-or-less normal distribution of letters, as opposed to using 'Content here, content here', making it look like readable English. Many desktop publishing packages and web page editors now use Lorem Ipsum as their default model text, and a search for 'lorem ipsum' will uncover many web sites still in their infancy. Various versions have evolved over the years, sometimes by accident, sometimes on purpose (injected humour and the like).

 

Where does it come from?

Contrary to popular belief, Lorem Ipsum is not simply random text. It has roots in a piece of classical Latin literature from 45 BC, making it over 2000 years old. Richard McClintock, a Latin professor at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, looked up one of the more obscure Latin words, consectetur, from a Lorem Ipsum passage, and going through the cites of the word in classical literature, discovered the undoubtable source. Lorem Ipsum comes from sections 1.10.32 and 1.10.33 of "de Finibus Bonorum et Malorum" (The Extremes of Good and Evil) by Cicero, written in 45 BC. This book is a treatise on the theory of ethics, very popular during the Renaissance. The first line of Lorem Ipsum, "Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet..", comes from a line in section 1.10.32.

The standard chunk of Lorem Ipsum used since the 1500s is reproduced below for those interested. Sections 1.10.32 and 1.10.33 from "de Finibus Bonorum et Malorum" by Cicero are also reproduced in their exact original form, accompanied by English versions from the 1914 translation by H. Rackham.

Interview with our Student

The services which one gets, be it IAS, IFS or IPS and their individual work-profile is unparalleled with any other services out there. Hence, the opportunity to undertake challenging work full of responsibility, and one which has potential to have direct impact on many lives seemed like the kind of work that’ll give me the service satisfaction that I seek.

The thought of appearing for CSE occurred to me while I was pursuing my post graduation. So, I began my full fledged preparation only after having completed my PG.

No. In my first prelims, I missed the cut off by 2 marks! So, for the next attempt, my bigger priority was clearing prelims. Therefore, I deeply analysed the mistakes that I’d committed and tried to read my own mind as to why I marked those questions wrong while in the exam hall. I realized that most of the mistakes could have been easily avoided had I been a little more careful, as even half a mark makes a huge difference in reaching the cut off!

I also tried analysing the questions that UPSC might ask, based on analysis on previous years questions and prepared static and current affairs part thoroughly. This was coupled with solving umpteen number of mock tests.

For, prelims, I was mentally satisfied with my preparation and revisions done, so was hopeful of scoring more than the cut off. But the same cannot be said about mains, as a lot of subjectivity is involved. I wasn’t completely satisfied as there was always a feeling, in retrospect that a particular answer could have been written better, but then again, in mains, one has to only do relatively better! Therefore, my focus was on completing the paper, writing precise and to the point answer to each and every question while not compromising on the presentation style. I was sure that I had done the best I could in that moment.